Negli ultimi anni gli studi sul comportamento animale hanno straordinariamente ampliato le nostre conoscenze. Per esempio, abbiamo scoperto che le scimmie sono molto vicine agli esseri umani per quanto riguarda i rapporti sociali, le strutture di potere e molto altro. In questo avvincente saggio de Waal espone le recenti acquisizioni dell'etologia e le loro implicazioni filosofiche; le sue tesi diventano poi oggetto di discussione con pensatori come Robert Wright, Christine M. Korsgaard, Philip Kitcher e Peter Singer. Come sempre, le nuove acquisizioni della scienza hanno un notevole impatto sul pensiero filosofico. L'acceso dibattito ci spinge infatti a riflettere sul ruolo dell'evoluzione nello sviluppo della nostra specie; ci obbliga a ridefinire la nostra idea di "essere umano" e ci spinge ad approfondire concetti come "mente", "istinto", "empatia". E apre naturalmente nuove prospettive sui diritti degli animali.
- ISBN: 8811740819
- Casa Editrice: Garzanti
- Pagine: 240
De Waal sets up his ethical argument by describing what he calls veneer theory: humans are basically bad (self-oriented), and civilized behavior is superficial and fragile. De Waal’s theory in contrast is that we are by nature good. Drawing from his work with primates, he anchors moral behavior in o Leggi tutto
From a blog I wrote early on in my reading of this book (I'll be writing more about the rest later on): "Climbed to the Highest Point on the Tree and the Empathy Therein" I'm reading a book right now that's quite impressive called Primates & Philosophers by the primatologist Frans de Waal which is mo Leggi tutto
Richard Dawkins and others have fallen into the trap that somehow Biological Evolution leads to Social Darwinism. In the same vein, these biologists claim that morality is a construct unique to humans and we use it to counter our selfish animal tendencies. Animals less sophisticated than humans alle Leggi tutto
Frans de Waal windt er in zijn Tanner lectures geen doekjes om: menselijke moraliteit is een proces van evolutie. En zo komt de Waal tot een opmerkelijk uitgangspunt: ‘Humans are by nature good’. Met deze stelling betreedt de Waal het gladde ijs van de filosofie, waar hij op het domein van de moraal Leggi tutto
Thought provoker, but then de Waal tends to do that. I finished this a couple of days ago and still don't know if I can do this review justice, but... The basis of this is his criticism (and dismissal) of the Hobbesian view that morality is a layer (a veneer ) overlaying the baser, brutish animal tha Leggi tutto
I consider this book more appropriate for scholars than the lay person. I just finished reading a book about the same subject: The Quest of a Moral Compass by Keenan Malik, and the author does not mention primates nor any other animal, his quest took a different path altogether, he looked in the Bib Leggi tutto
Primates and Philosophers is offering us to analyse the origins of morality, but focuses on one of the subject: whether human morality goes deep into our evolutionary past or is new with the arrival of our evolving brains and cultures. The answer depends on how morality is defined.
de Waal and other philosophers arguing over how morality in humans evolved, but the human monkeys mostly split philosophical hairs while agreeing in generalities. Great stuff if you are a primate that digs that kind of discussion.
This is an interesting book that deals with the question of whether morality is inherent in primates. The author cites humans, bonobos, and dolphins as capable of moral behavior. Chimpanzees, on the other hand, have no sense of morality, and one particularly rascal female chimp at his primate resear Leggi tutto
A slow and dense read but a fantastic primer that I would use if I were ever to teach a Normative Philosophy class. Throughout the book, de Waal presents 5 essays and rebuttals by other prominent thinkers. This creates a nice balance to the analysis of morality - specifically traits we think are ver Leggi tutto
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